How is it applied?
Spider veins are the thin spiderweb-like blue or red veins that are present mainly in women’s’ legs, especially after the age of 40. Their main causes are genetic, as they are hereditary, and hormonal disorders (e.g. pregnancy, menstruation, use of contraceptives, menopause). Sclerotherapy is considered particularly effective in treating spider veins. This is an injectable treatment where a hardening solution (polidocanol) is injected into the internal walls of the spider veins. This causes hardening (thrombosis) in the capillaries and prevents the flow of blood. The treated blood vessels gradually fade, as they are absorbed into local tissue and eventually disappear. Complete healing time ranges from 3-6 weeks.
The number of injections used during the session depends on the number of spider veins to be treated. According to the protocol, 1-4 sessions of 4-6 weeks are recommended. After application of the treatment, the patient may have bruises, hyperpigmentation or pigmentation in the form of lines or spots, or slight redness, which gradually subsides within a few days. After each treatment session, especially during the first 24 hours post-treatment, it is advised to avoid hot baths, and for the first two weeks post-treatment, it is advised to avoid sunbathing, gymnastics and laser treatments. In rare cases, new, thin spider veins may appear in the same area as before, and the patient may experience mild inflammation, edema, an increase in body temperature, local pain, and even more rarely, cutaneous necrosis (ulcer) and thrombophlebitis, typically treated by a vascular surgeon. Contraindications for sclerotherapy include active skin diseases, heart disease, pregnancy, breastfeeding, autoimmune diseases and blood coagulation disorders.