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The role of diet in regulating arterial hypertension

Dr. Angelos Tsipis

Small interventions in our daily habits and adopting a balanced, healthy lifestyle can help to slow the onset of arterial hypertension, and in some cases can treat the condition.

The guidelines of the European Society of Hypertension include specific healthy dietary recommendations, such as: 1) reducing salt intake, 2) reducing alcohol consumption, 3) stopping smoking, 4) reducing body weight, 5) regular exercise, 6) eating plenty of fruits and vegetables and limiting saturated fats. 

The reduction of body weight results in reduction of arterial pressure, as 60% of those who suffer from hypertension as overweight. It has been observed that maintaining a healthy body weight with a BMI less than 25 kg/m2 and waistline smaller than 102cm in men and 88cm in women, contribute to a decrease in arterial pressure.

In addition to this, exercising for at least 30 minutes at a medium intensity (walking, running, cycling, swimming) 5-7 days a week is recommended to those suffering from hypertension. 

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